How Much Does It Cost to Climb Kilimanjaro?

Kilimanjaro Climbing Costs: A Comprehensive Guide by Moria Safaris

The question on many minds is: How much does it cost to climb Kilimanjaro? The price of a Kilimanjaro climb can range from $1,400 for standard packages to upwards of $7,000 for luxury options and beyond. However, in a region with approximately 250 licensed operators and hundreds more unlicensed ones, choosing the right package becomes a formidable task. To unravel the elements shaping the cost of climbing Mt. Kilimanjaro, one must delve into various contributing factors.

The Array of Offers and Cost Breakdown for Climbing Kilimanjaro The price you encounter when booking a package often provides a glimpse into the nature of your upcoming climbing experience. Nevertheless, relying solely on cost as a decision-making factor can be misleading. Indeed, the Mt. Kilimanjaro climbing cost comprises numerous concealed yet crucial components.

With your personal safety and the creation of lifelong memories in the balance, selecting the most economical option to climb Kilimanjaro is not advisable. As a general rule, a secure and comfortable Mt. Kilimanjaro trek typically requires an investment of no less than $1,400.

Conversely, there’s no need to shell out $7,000 or more for a VIP package to access that extra level of service that can make all the difference.

In this article, we will outline the factors influencing the cost of a Kilimanjaro climb and provide guidance on selecting the ideal offer to match your budget. The following example is based on a 7-day “Classic” Machame route package designed for two or more climbers, which represents the most popular choice. This option offers a reasonable level of comfort at a moderate price point, neither falling into the budget category nor the extravagance of a package with an abundance of porter

Dissecting the Expenses of Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro

The cost of a Kilimanjaro climb can be broken down into several essential components:

  1. Kilimanjaro Park Fees: These non-negotiable fees are paid directly to park authorities and grant both clients and the expedition crew access to the park. The following fees apply, and while they cannot be reduced or evaded, travelers under 16 years of age may benefit from a discount:
    • Rescue Fees: $20 per person per trek ($23.6, inclusive of 18% VAT)
    • Entrance Fees: $70 per person per day ($82.6, inclusive of 18% VAT)
    • Camping Fees: $50 per person per night (For the Marangu route, hut fees are $60 per person per night) ($59 and $70.8, inclusive of 18% VAT)
    • Crew Fees: $2 per crew member per trek ($2.36, inclusive of 18% VAT)
  2. Kilimanjaro Crew Wages: Wages for the crew, including porters, guides, cooks, and assistant guides. These costs vary and increase as group size increases. The minimum wage requirements for the Kilimanjaro hike crew are as follows:
    • Porters: $10 per day
    • Guide: $20 per day
    • Assistant Guide: $15 per day
    • Cook: $15 per day
  3. Transport: This covers transportation to and from the hiking trail, connecting your hotel in Arusha or Moshi. Costs vary, ranging from $110 to $170 USD.
  4. Food: The overall expense for meals, encompassing both your meals and those of the crew. Costs can vary, starting from $220 USD.
  5. Value-Added Tax (VAT): A standard 18% tax applied to all products and services in the country.
  6. Add-Ons: Certain optional equipment, like a private toilet, may be considered add-ons. They are not deemed necessary but can be provided for an additional fee, potentially increasing the overall cost. Additional expenses may arise due to the need for an extra porter to transport the private toilet and the cost of the equipment itself.

(Indirect Costs)

  1. Administrative Costs: The company incurs administrative costs that cannot be directly attributed to the climb’s cost. These may encompass expenses such as leasing, taxes, salaries, and marketing, among others.

(Additional Costs You May Incur)

  1. Tipping: Given the outlined minimum wage and cost breakdown, tipping becomes an essential practice for the crew. While not enforced, it is strongly recommended and should be provided directly to the crew by the client. Tips are not included in the price hike.
  2. Gear Rental: If you are not fully equipped for the hike, you may need to rent some gear.

Mount Kilimanjaro Hiking

How to prepare for the climb

Effective Planning is Key

A journey up Mount Kilimanjaro is an extraordinary adventure, distinct from typical vacations or casual hikes. Climbing this majestic peak demands meticulous preparation. After all, this expedition leads hikers to the summit of Africa at 5,895 meters (19,340 feet) above sea level, an altitude many may never have experienced before. It truly embodies the adventure of a lifetime.

Kilimanjaro expeditions come with inherent risks associated with high altitudes. These challenges underscore the importance of having professional guides and proper equipment. Without these crucial elements, the safety of the hiking party is compromised.

It’s important to emphasize that appropriate gear is paramount. Climbing Kilimanjaro requires specialized equipment; your usual hiking attire won’t suffice.

Considerations to Remember in Preparing for this Thrilling African Expedition Undertaking this exhilarating adventure in the heart of Africa requires attention to several significant aspects. In this article, we’ve condensed essential recommendations to ensure a successful and seamless Kilimanjaro expedition.

Opt for Extended Itineraries for Your Journey

You’ve likely come across a variety of Kilimanjaro itineraries online, ranging from concise 5-day treks to more extensive 7, 8, or even 10-day adventures with the possibility of Crater Camping. It may be tempting to opt for a shorter itinerary, especially when they all ultimately lead you to the pinnacle of Africa. So, what’s the rationale behind investing more time and resources on the slopes of Kilimanjaro?

There are two primary reasons for considering longer itineraries:

  1. Enhanced Acclimatization: As you ascend higher during your trek, the oxygen saturation level in the air gradually decreases. This phenomenon occurs due to the reduction in atmospheric pressure, which causes oxygen molecules to disperse. Essentially, every breath you take at higher altitudes provides your body with less oxygen. However, your body can adapt to this challenge through intensified and deeper breathing, as well as expedited oxygen transportation by red blood cells and other physiological adjustments. Nevertheless, this transformation necessitates time and energy. Hence, spending more time on the mountain is crucial for effective acclimatization.
  2. Altitude Sickness Mitigation: Rushing up Kilimanjaro without allowing sufficient time for acclimatization increases the risk of altitude sickness. This condition may necessitate a return to lower altitudes before you can successfully reach the summit of Kilimanjaro.

Furthermore, extended itineraries offer superior opportunities for savoring the breathtaking scenery that Kilimanjaro has to offer. When hurrying to reach the next camp before nightfall, you might inadvertently bypass the most picturesque regions of the mountain. Kilimanjaro is undeniably one of the most stunning places on Earth, and lingering on the Shira Plateau or Barranco Wall to relish the remarkable vistas or taking a leisurely break with friends in the midst of your journey between camps is a true delight. Ascending the highest peak in Africa is a once-in-a-lifetime experience, and rushing through it may not be the most fulfilling way to relish this incredible opportunity. Indeed, when you consider the investment involved in a Kilimanjaro climb, the distinction between a 6-day and 7-day trek is marginal, but the difference in your overall experience and adventure is substantial. A longer itinerary not only provides a more rewarding experience but also enhances safety, allowing you to truly revel in Kilimanjaro’s splendor with minimal discomfort.

It’s worth noting that longer itineraries also boast higher success rates. Be sure to explore 7-day Kilimanjaro itineraries, renowned for their exceptional success rates.

Select the Optimal Timing for Your Expedition

Tanzania, nestled in East Africa along the equator, boasts a distinctive climate marked by the absence of traditional seasons, instead experiencing dry and rainy periods.

The dry seasons encompass:

  1. Late December to early March: This period, coinciding with the Christmas holidays, is particularly favored by tourists.
  2. Early June to early October: Surprisingly cooler than the “winter” dry season, this time boasts sunny weather and clear skies.

On the other hand, the rainy seasons include:

  1. Mid-March to late May: Known as the “big” rainy season, it earns its name not due to its intensity but because of its extended duration, persisting longer than the “small” rainy season, which commences in late October and concludes by mid-December.

While the majority of climbers gravitate toward the dry season for their Kilimanjaro adventures, the rainy season offers distinct advantages. You can explore more about these advantages and other intriguing facts about Tanzania’s seasons in our dedicated article.

NOTE: The dry season does not imply the absence of rainfall entirely, as Kilimanjaro is, after all, a mountain where weather can change unexpectedly. Carrying a rain poncho in your daypack at all times is essential. Similarly, the rainy season doesn’t signify constant downpours. Typically, drizzling begins around midday and intensifies toward the evening. Occasionally, there might be no rainfall at all.

Therefore, one should not anticipate a guaranteed clear sky in January or constant rains in May; the weather is likely to follow these patterns, but it is not absolute. Consequently, regardless of when you choose to embark on your adventure, it’s imperative to be equipped with a comprehensive set of Kilimanjaro gear capable of handling various weather conditions.

Dedicate Time to Prepare for Kilimanjaro

To undertake a Kilimanjaro climb successfully, you must be ready to hike approximately three to five miles daily, traversing challenging terrain. This demands robust stamina and a well-conditioned cardiovascular system. If your current routine primarily involves sitting in an office, there are steps you can take to get in shape for your Kilimanjaro adventure:

  1. Running and biking: Running or biking are excellent exercises for Kilimanjaro preparation. Initiate your training with a 3-mile run or a 5-mile bike ride every other day. Engaging in swimming will also enhance your cardiovascular fitness.
  2. Gym Workouts: If you have access to a gym, treadmill running is advantageous for Kilimanjaro readiness. Additionally, incorporating planks and squats into your regimen will fortify your leg muscles, ensuring you’re well-prepared for the extended hikes on Kilimanjaro.
  3. Aerobic Focus: In a gym setting, emphasize aerobic and cardio activities more than muscle building. On Kilimanjaro, endurance holds greater significance than sheer physical strength.
  4. Country Hikes: For those residing near the countryside, extensive cross-country hikes covering 6–10 miles serve as excellent preparation for the mountain climb. These hikes mimic the challenges you’ll face on Mount Kilimanjaro. Concentrate on routes featuring hills and steep inclines to prepare your body for the mountain’s slopes.
  5. Boot Break-In: If you’ve acquired new hiking boots for your Kilimanjaro tour, embarking on a cross-country hike offers the perfect opportunity to break them in. Setting out with brand-new, unworn boots on a Kilimanjaro journey is unwise, as it can lead to painful blisters and calluses, transforming an otherwise exciting adventure into a grueling ordeal. By “breaking in” your new boots during training, they will be comfortable and well-prepared by the time of your Kilimanjaro ascent.

To ensure optimal readiness, we recommend commencing your physical training for Kilimanjaro approximately 3–4 months prior to the expedition’s start. Additionally, we suggest refraining from strenuous workouts and long walks during the two weeks leading up to your arrival in Tanzania, affording your body the opportunity to fully recuperate and recharge before the Kilimanjaro climb.

For a more comprehensive guide on structuring a suitable training plan for Kilimanjaro, please consult our dedicated article on our website.

Organize Essential Documents

To facilitate your journey, it’s crucial to have the necessary documents in order:

  1. Valid Passport: Ensure your passport is suitable for international travel. It must be valid for at least six months from your planned arrival date in Tanzania. Furthermore, your passport should contain a minimum of two blank pages to accommodate visas and entry stamps.
  2. Passport Information: Our team will need your passport information to facilitate the acquisition of entry permits for the National Park. Please rest assured that we maintain strict confidentiality regarding all your personal and identity details.

Kilimanjaro Dietary Guidelines

Maintaining a suitable diet is of paramount importance for a comfortable and secure Kilimanjaro expedition. As you ascend Kilimanjaro, your body will require a substantial surplus of calories to reach the summit. On this journey, your energy expenditure will be approximately double your typical intake, underscoring the significance of nourishing your body effectively.

At Moria Safaris, we have meticulously crafted a specialized Kilimanjaro menu that harmoniously combines delicious flavors with energy-rich ingredients. Our mountain chefs, adeptly trained by seasoned professionals, will captivate your taste buds with a diverse array of daily offerings within the dining tent. Our menu typically features an assortment of options, including beef, chicken, salads, vegetables, fruits, mushrooms, potatoes, beans, spaghetti, cheese, and other popular continental dishes.

We gladly accommodate special dietary requirements at no additional cost, such as Halal, vegetarian, vegan, and gluten-free meal plans. If you have any allergies or specific dietary restrictions, kindly inform us before embarking on your adventure. Our team will ensure that the necessary adaptations are made to the supply provisions, and our chefs will receive precise instructions to accommodate your needs.

When is the best time to climb Kilimanjaro?

Optimal Timing for Ascending Mount Kilimanjaro When determining the most favorable period for your Kilimanjaro expedition, it’s essential to take multiple factors into account, including temperature, scenic vistas, trail congestion, difficulty level, and safety. Nevertheless, the overarching factor that influences all these aspects is the prevailing weather. Mount Kilimanjaro is situated within an equatorial climatic region, meaning it foregoes the traditional four-season cycle (winter, spring, summer, and autumn) in favor of solely experiencing wet and dry seasons. The wet seasons typically occur in April-May and November. Much like in other tropical regions, precisely pinpointing the onset and conclusion of rainfall can be a challenging feat. As for the remaining months, they constitute the “dry season,” marked by predominantly sunny days; however, it’s important to note that this doesn’t guarantee an absolute absence of cloud cover.

Two predominant climbing seasons stand out: the first spans from July through August to September, and the second from January to February. These time frames align with the summer and Christmas holidays for many travelers, coinciding with the idyllic weather conditions for ascending Mount Kilimanjaro.

Conversely, the rainy seasons tend to deter a large portion of climbers. In April, May, and November, the likelihood of trekking amid drizzling rain is considerably high. Rainfall softens the terrain, rendering rocks slippery and elevating the challenge and risk of your ascent. Nonetheless, these rainy interludes hold a particular allure for landscape photographers, especially those captivated by Tanzania’s unique beauty. The increased precipitation leads to more snow adorning the peak, offering the opportunity to capture Kilimanjaro’s snow-clad summit. Furthermore, it’s the sole period when you can evade the “peak-hour” rush on the routes, relishing the solitude of traversing virgin-snow-blanketed trails.

What Is the Ideal Time to Conquer Kilimanjaro?

April to May:

The “big” rainy season unfolds from late March to mid-May, coinciding with the onset of Tanzania’s chilliest period. These months see significantly fewer climbers compared to the rest of the year, but they come with a higher likelihood of trekking through rainfall.

June to July:

As June and July arrive, rain becomes less frequent. These months typically bless Kilimanjaro with dry, clear weather, although the nights remain chilly. June, in particular, tends to be quiet, sunny, and often underrated for climbing. Opting for a June expedition means benefiting from excellent weather and nearly exclusive access to your chosen routes. As the year progresses, climbing traffic increases, with July signaling the beginning of heightened route congestion.

August to September:

Peak climbing season unfolds from August to September, presenting ideal conditions for ascending Kilimanjaro. Days are generally clear and slightly warmer than in June or July. However, rain may persist in the forest and moorland zones and occasionally affect the southern routes like Machame and Umbwe. Once you leave the rainforest behind, expect sunny skies.

October: October,

Another somewhat overlooked season, boasts favorable weather conditions that extend into mid-October, accompanied by a significant drop in the number of climbers. This presents a unique opportunity to savor Kilimanjaro’s treks with relative solitude. Toward late October, weather patterns may become more variable, but equipped adventurers can easily handle occasional rain showers.

November: November

Signifies the “small” rainy season, which can linger into mid-December. Lower temperatures and mist enshroud the mountain, adding an element of challenge and excitement to your climb. While it may not offer the best weather, November does provide a chance to capture breathtaking images of a mist-shrouded Mount Kilimanjaro with its snow-capped peak.

December to January:

The period around Christmas and New Year’s marks the second busiest climbing season on Kilimanjaro, characterized by exceptionally high traffic. However, there’s also an increased likelihood of rain and thick clouds at lower altitudes on the mountain.

Mid-January to Mid-March:

This period is highly favored among climbers, offering a well-balanced climate – neither excessively cold nor overly wet. The days are generally dry, although occasional showers can occur. Rain chances increase in the latter half of March as the “big rains” season approaches.

Kilimanjaro Temperature Variations The temperature on Mount Kilimanjaro fluctuates in tandem with its four distinct climatic zones:

  1. The Rainforest Zone (800m-3,000m)
  2. is characterized by warmth and humidity. This lush, verdant region sees average temperatures of 12-15°C (20-25°C during the daytime) at around 2,900m. Typically, the initial one or two days of your ascent, depending on the chosen route, are spent in this zone

  1. The Low Alpine Zone (3,000m-4,200m)
  2. transforms into a semi-arid landscape as you ascend. Vegetation becomes progressively sparse. Depending on your route, you’ll spend approximately one or two days in this zone, where average temperatures range between 5-10°C (15-20°C during daylight hours) at around 3,600m.
  3. The High Alpine Zone (4,200m-5,000m)
  4. takes on a desert-like character. This is where you’ll spend your fourth and fifth days on the mountain, making final preparations for your summit attempt at these altitudes. Temperatures here hover near freezing at 5,000m. However, in the daytime, when the sun graces the landscape, it remains comfortably warm.
  5. The summit of Mount Kilimanjaro, situated in the glacial zone (above 5,000m)
  6. Maintains an average temperature of around -6°C. It’s important to note that most summit attempts commence at midnight to reach Uhuru Peak by dawn. During this nighttime trek, temperatures can plummet to -20°C, and with biting winds, it may feel even colder, dipping below -40°C. Despite the challenging cold, enduring these conditions is wholly worthwhile, as it grants you the opportunity to witness one of the most stunning vistas in the world – the spectacle of the rising sun from the summit.

Additional Insights on Kilimanjaro’s Climate There are a few more considerations regarding Kilimanjaro’s weather that are worth mentioning.

You might opt to embark on your climb during less-than-ideal times, either to avoid the peak season rush or because it aligns with your holiday schedule. In such cases, you might want to explore the Northern Circuit Route or the Rongai Route. The northern side of the mountain boasts a notably drier climate compared to other Kilimanjaro routes. Additionally, if you desire the finest weather conditions while preferring a quieter experience, the same advice applies. Carefully select your route, as routes like Rongai, Lemosho, and the Northern Traverse tend to have less traffic than the popular and consistently busy Machame and Marangu routes.

At Moria Safaris, we firmly believe that you can relish Mount Kilimanjaro year-round. The key factor lies in your preparation. For instance, in September, a single set of thermal underwear, Gore-Tex membrane gaiters, and boots may suffice. Yet, just two months later, in November, you might want to bring along three sets of each to ensure you can comfortably continue your ascent if you happen to get thoroughly soaked. Irrespective of your chosen route and season, our team at Moria Safaris is dedicated to ensuring your Kilimanjaro journey becomes the adventure of a lifetime!

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Moria safaris

What to expect on a safari in Tanzania?

A journey to Tanzania

Africa has a special magic – sunsets so beautiful that time stands still, remote locations where the brilliance of the night stars truly takes your breath away and encounters with nature that will change how you see the world.

The best and most interesting way to experience nature in Africa is on a wildlife safari, which allows visitors to get close to wild animals in their natural habitat, all while supporting national environmental conservation efforts in the form of protected areas or national parks.

Read More “What to expect on a safari in Tanzania?”

weather in Tanzania

Tanzania’s Weather

Tanzania, located in close proximity to the equator, enjoys a remarkably stable and pleasant climate. The weather here is characterized by moderate temperatures that seldom veer to extremes of heat or cold. On average, annual temperatures range from approximately +25°C in the southern regions to around +27°C in the north.

It’s worth noting that in places like Kilimanjaro and the Ngorongoro Crater, temperatures can occasionally dip below freezing, especially during the nighttime hours. Therefore, it’s advisable to pack warm clothing when embarking on a safari to the Ngorongoro Crater or when trekking.

Many travelers aim to avoid the rainy seasons in Tanzania, which occur from March to May (known as the long rains) and from the end of October to the first half of December (referred to as the short rains). Interestingly, December presents a unique combination of warmth and rainfall, creating a tropical safari experience. During the rainy season, heavy precipitation is common, but there are typically sunny interludes each day. The following table offers a rough annual weather overview

The average annual precipitation (mm) in Tanzania:

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
49 30 85 153 126 32 13 18 21 48 132 75


many travelers tend to steer clear of Tanzania’s rainy season when planning their safaris, it’s worth noting that major television networks like Discovery and National Geographic deliberately choose this period for filming their stories. This preference is rooted in the fact that the rainy season showcases local nature at its most vibrant, with lush greenery and, importantly, fewer tourist groups, offering ideal conditions for capturing exceptional photographs. What are the advantages of embarking on a safari during Tanzania’s rainy season?

One notable advantage of the rainy season is the absence of dust, in stark contrast to the dry season. Travelers exploring Tanzania during the dry months can anticipate scorching heat and the omnipresent dust, particularly when navigating rugged roads, often stirred up by passing safari jeeps. In contrast, the rainy season provides a virtually dust-free environment.

Additionally, traveling during the rainy season can yield financial benefits, as both accommodations and safari expenses tend to be lower. Accommodations typically constitute a significant portion of the cost of a Tanzania safari tour. However, during the rainy low season, prices decrease, offering an opportunity to save a substantial amount of money while enjoying the comfort of quality hotels.

There is only one notable drawback to the low season: some remote areas of Serengeti National Park may become inaccessible due to poor road conditions. However, these areas are seldom frequented even during the high season because of their remote location. In the wet season, some hotels in Tanzania, particularly in Zanzibar, may close for annual maintenance. Nonetheless, we collaborate with select hotels that remain operational year-round, ensuring that your travel plans are not compromised.

Great Migration

The Great Wildebeest Migration

The Great Migration is a remarkable annual spectacle involving millions of wildebeests journeying into Tanzania. This awe-inspiring event has unfolded for millennia and stands as the planet’s largest annual movement of animals. Serengeti National Park serves as the world-renowned stage for this grand procession, where herds of wildebeests, zebras, antelope, and other creatures undertake a perilous pilgrimage.

The Great Migration presents nature in its purest and most unadulterated form. As these animal herds traverse the vast African plains, cross treacherous rivers, and traverse breathtaking landscapes, you will find yourself utterly captivated by the sheer majesty of Africa.

It’s important to highlight that the Great Migration within Serengeti National Park occurs throughout the year, albeit in varying forms. Given its immense scale, you can encounter wildebeest herds in different regions of the park at various times.

Migration seasons of antelopes

November – January:

The Serengeti National Park’s mesmerizing migration cycle commences during this period as animals embark on their journey from Kenya’s Maasai Mara National Reserve to the southeastern reaches of the Serengeti. This coincides with Tanzania’s dry season, and approximately 1.7 million antelopes, accompanied by 260,000 zebras and 470,000 gazelles, traverse the Serengeti’s plains adorned with short grass. Notably, this time marks the mating season for zebras, a pivotal moment for the future of these species.

February – March:

In February, the migration progresses through the southern section of Serengeti National Park and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. This phase marks the zenith of antelope fertility and holds great significance for the formation of the next generation. During this period, new antelopes come into the world, and visitors may witness these younglings walking alongside the herd, safeguarded from predators and demonstrating remarkable speed just days after birth.

By early March, the forage near the Ngorongoro becomes scarce, compelling antelopes to journey to the western expanse of the Serengeti, specifically the region around the Grumeti River.

April: The vast herds of animals make their way to the park’s central region known as Seronera. This period corresponds with Tanzania’s rainy season, featuring heavy and sustained rainfall that bestows animals with an abundance of fresh grass across tens of thousands of square kilometers.

May – June:

As the rainy season draws to a close, the antelope herds continue their westward migration to the area known as the Western Corridor. Along their route, they must traverse the Mbalageti and Grumeti rivers. National Geographic and Discovery Channel frequently organize expeditions to capture the riveting Grumeti River crossing, capturing the peril of herds surging through crocodile-infested waters. It’s a truly exhilarating spectacle to witness, surpassing any television episode.


July signals the onset of Tanzania’s dry season, with no rainfall in sight. The animals persist in their northward journey, heading toward the Kenyan border via the Grumeti region. By the end of August, this astonishing migration reaches the borders of the monitored zones in Ikorongo, home to the renowned German Fort Ikoma, chronicled in Bernard Grzimek’s book “Serengeti Shall Not Die.”

August – October:

As September concludes, the migration reaches the Kenyan border. In October, amid the peak of the dry season, the majority of the animals complete their migration to Kenya’s Maasai Mara. Here, they find ample fresh water and abundant grass, making it an ideal destination during this period.

tips for safari

Tips and recommendations for travelers

Travel Tips

Preparing for Your Trip to Tanzania

  1. Gather Copies and Electronic Copies of Essential Documents:
    • Ensure you have both physical and electronic copies of vital documents, including your passport, driver’s licenses, and a yellow fever vaccination certificate.
  2. Complete Necessary Vaccinations:
    • Prior to your journey to Tanzania, make sure to get all required vaccinations.
  3. Verify International Card Usability:
    • Check that your credit and bank cards are valid for use abroad. Inform your bank about your travel plans in advance and keep handy their contact numbers in case your card is misplaced or blocked.
  4. Pack Essentials in Your Carry-On:
    • Be sure to include essential items in your carry-on luggage. Avoid packing prohibited items in your hand luggage.
  5. Prepare for Possible Luggage Delays:
    • Ensuring a Safe Stay in Tanzania

      Tanzania is known for its safety and tranquility, but it’s wise to exercise common travel precautions, just as you would anywhere else:

      1. Avoid Displaying Large Sums of Money:
        • Refrain from showcasing large amounts of cash. When exchanging money or using an ATM, count your funds in a secure and private location before leaving, never on the street.
      2. Secure Expensive Equipment:
        • If you’re carrying valuable items like a large camera or laptop, especially at night, consider using a taxi for transportation. Most hotels offer secure lockboxes or the option to leave valuable belongings at the reception desk.
      3. Use Registered Taxis:
        • Only utilize registered taxis, easily identifiable by their white license plates and clear registration numbers, typically painted on each door. In Dar es Salaam, Arusha, and Moshi towns, official taxis are typically white cars with green lettering. When exploring town, you can request a taxi through Moria Safaris or your hotel.
      4. Access to Tourism Police:
        • In Arusha and Zanzibar, there is a dedicated Tourism Police Force to assist and support tourists. If you encounter any issues, Moria can help you connect with this specialized force.
      5. Safe Currency Exchange:
        • Avoid street money exchanges. Tanzania has recently enacted laws regarding foreign currency exchange, so it’s best to exchange money only at authorized bureaus or banks.
      6. Request Official Receipts:
        • Every legitimate business in Tanzania possesses a tax number and offers official receipts. When making purchases, always ask for an official receipt. While some local craft markets may not provide receipts, it’s advisable to buy handmade items and gifts from locations recommended by your tour guide. You may even have a dedicated day for souvenir shopping, during which your driver-guide will take you to a reputable craft market offering authentic goods.

          While Climbing Kilimanjaro / Meru

        • Practical Tips for Mountain Trekking

          1. Leave Valuables Behind:
            • Avoid bringing valuables like laptops and smartphones on your mountain trek. These items are susceptible to damage from extreme weather conditions. Charging electronics can also be challenging during the trek. Rest assured, all guides are equipped with phones and radios for communication.
          2. Stay Hydrated:
            • Aim to consume 3-4 liters of water daily to expedite the high-altitude adaptation process and alleviate unpleasant symptoms.
          3. Prepare for Leisure Time:
            • Most mountain hikes occur in the morning, leaving the afternoons free. Consider bringing a book, MP3 player, cards, or other forms of entertainment to enjoy during these moments of relaxation.
          4. Show Appreciation with a Tip:
            • Express your gratitude to your climbing team by leaving a tip, preferably at the office upon your return, if you’ve had an exceptional experience. This approach facilitates equitable distribution among the guides, cooks, and porters. Of course, if you have specific preferences for distributing the tip, we are happy to accommodate them. The recommended amount for an expedition is approximately $200-250 per person, to be shared among the entire expedition team.

              While on Safari

              Tips for Ngorongoro and Safari Packing

              1. Prepare for Chilly Mornings and Nights:
                • Ngorongoro can get quite cold in the early morning and at night. If you’re planning to visit this renowned site, be sure to pack warm layers like trousers and a fleece jacket.
              2. Pack Wet Wipes:
                • Wet wipes are a handy, travel-friendly solution, especially during the high season when dust can be a concern.
              3. Bring Extra Clothes:
                • Consider bringing spare clothing, ideally a fresh set for each day of your journey.
              4. Opt for Natural Tones on Safari:
                • Avoid wearing bright colors on safari, as they don’t help you blend in with nature during activities like walking safaris or bush drives. Additionally, bright colors tend to show dust easily. Ideal safari attire includes khaki, dark green, and neutral hues.
              5. Invest in Quality Camera Equipment:
                • A high-quality camera with specialized lens attachments can make a significant difference in capturing stunning photographs. Don’t hesitate to equip yourself for those unique wildlife shots.
              6. Consider Tipping Practices:

                In Zanzibar

                • Etiquette and Tips for Zanzibar

                  1. Respect Local Culture:
                    • Zanzibar is a major tourist destination, but it’s important to keep in mind that the majority of the population adheres to conservative Muslim values. When exploring Stone Town or venturing beyond your hotel, opt for modest clothing. While it’s acceptable to wear bathing suits at the hotel pool or private beach, both men and women should don attire that covers the knees and, for men, includes a shirt, when dining at restaurants or going shopping. Displays of affection in public, such as kissing, should be avoided, but hand-holding is generally acceptable.
                  2. Be Cautious with “Beach Boys”:
                    • Beware of individuals often referred to as “Beach Boys” who may offer services along the beach in front of your accommodation. These individuals may lack an official office or boat, and dealing with them can sometimes lead to overspending. For a safer and more reliable experience, it’s advisable to book tours or excursions through legitimate, recommended companies. Your hotel can assist in finding a reputable service provider instead of relying on unfamiliar individuals.
                  3. Handle Persistent Sellers Politely:
                    • Occasionally, you may encounter someone who is insistent on selling you something, even when you’ve politely declined. In Tanzania, as in many places, it is considered impolite to pressure someone after they have declined an offer. You have several options in handling such situations: you can firmly refuse, simply ignore them and walk away, or politely ask them to leave you alone.Similar to the hospitality industry worldwide, tipping is appreciated and often expected in Tanzania. For safari guides, it’s customary to offer $40-60 per day, per vehicle. In hotels, a tip of $1-2 is sufficient when porters assist with your baggage, and modest tips in the restaurant for waitstaff are also appreciated.
Diving in Zanzibar

The best diving sites in Tanzania

Diving in Tanzania 

Exploring Tanzania’s Island Diving Paradise

Nestled along the shores of the Indian Ocean, Tanzania’s islands offer year-round warmth in their pristine waters, teeming with a kaleidoscope of vibrant tropical fish. The coral reefs here are renowned as some of the world’s finest, promising unparalleled diving experiences.

While Tanzania’s fame often centers on the Serengeti and its captivating wildlife like lions and elephants, the islands of Tanzania boast some of East Africa’s most exceptional diving opportunities. Here’s a glimpse of the top diving destinations in Tanzania:

Mafia Island: Mafia Island, despite its small and secluded nature, ranks among Tanzania’s premier diving havens and stands out in East Africa. Here, you can swim alongside gentle giants like whale sharks while immersing yourself in the unique coral reefs of the Indian Ocean, where the waters maintain a perpetual warmth. Diving around Mafia Island also offers a chance to encounter colossal Manta Rays, a spectacle not to be missed.

Rest assured, whale sharks are filter feeders and pose no threat to humans.

Mafia Island not only boasts the title of Tanzania’s largest marine park but also claims the distinction of being the largest in all of East Africa. Divers are treated to a visual feast of over 400 species of tropical fish. The coral reefs here are a sight to behold, showcasing over 40 different coral varieties that have been identified around the island. Mafia Island might be small, but the diving experiences here are some of the best in the world.

The best time to visit

Mafia Island is October through March, for ideal weather. March to June might be rainy.

Recommended Diving Locations:
Chole Bay for some great diving around reefs and the well-known Kinasi Wall diving site.
Other popular sites include Jina Pass and Dindini Wall for more advanced divers.

Pemba island

Pemba Island: Tanzania’s Hidden Gem for Divers and Nature Enthusiasts

Pemba Island, often referred to as the “Green Island” due to its lush, verdant landscapes, is a hidden gem located off the coast of Tanzania. Nestled in the Indian Ocean, Pemba Island is the lesser-known sibling of the more famous Zanzibar, but it boasts its own unique charm and natural beauty.

Natural Beauty and Tranquility: Pemba Island is renowned for its unspoiled natural beauty and tranquil atmosphere. The island is covered in dense tropical forests, coconut groves, and spice plantations, creating a serene and picturesque backdrop for visitors. Its rolling hills, pristine beaches, and crystal-clear waters make it an idyllic destination for those seeking a peaceful escape from the hustle and bustle of city life.

Diving and Marine Life: One of the standout features of Pemba Island is its incredible underwater world. The island is surrounded by some of the healthiest and most diverse coral reefs in the Indian Ocean. Diving enthusiasts flock to Pemba to explore its vibrant marine life, which includes a stunning array of coral species, tropical fish, and other aquatic creatures. The Pemba Channel, a deep ocean trench, attracts larger marine species such as sharks and dolphins, providing thrilling encounters for divers.

Culture and History: Pemba Island also has a rich cultural heritage and a history deeply intertwined with trade, particularly the spice trade. The island’s aromatic spice plantations produce cloves, cinnamon, and other spices that have been sought after for centuries. Visitors can take guided tours of these plantations to learn about the cultivation and harvesting of these valuable crops.

Chwaka Bay and Natural Reserves: Chwaka Bay, located on the west coast of Pemba Island, is a significant ecological area that features extensive mangrove forests and tidal flats. It is an essential habitat for various bird species and marine life, making it a prime spot for birdwatching and eco-tours. Additionally, the island is home to several natural reserves and protected areas, showcasing its commitment to preserving its unique environment.

A Place to Unwind: Pemba Island offers a range of accommodations, from eco-lodges to luxury resorts, all designed to provide guests with a comfortable and authentic experience. Whether you’re interested in diving into the underwater wonders, exploring the island’s natural beauty, or simply relaxing on its pristine beaches, Pemba Island offers a tranquil and rejuvenating escape in an untouched paradise.

Best time to visit:
The ideal time to visit is from August to March for pristine waters and great marine life sightings.

Recommended Diving Locations:
If you are a confident diver, check out the North Horn and Mtangani for some great dive sites.


Zanzibar – Nungwi

Nungwi Beach: A Slice of Paradise on Zanzibar’s Northern Shore

Nungwi Beach, situated on the northern tip of Zanzibar, is a tropical haven renowned for its pristine beauty and serene atmosphere. This exquisite beach destination draws travelers from around the world with its powder-white sands, crystal-clear turquoise waters, and an array of activities and attractions.

Beach Bliss: Nungwi Beach is a postcard-perfect stretch of coastline, where soft, powdery sands meet the warm, gentle waters of the Indian Ocean. The beach’s idyllic setting offers an ideal spot for sunbathing, beachcombing, or simply strolling along the shoreline as the waves lap at your feet. It’s a place where you can relax, unwind, and let the tranquility of the surroundings wash over you.

Water Adventures: For water enthusiasts, Nungwi Beach is a playground of aquatic adventures. Snorkeling and diving are exceptionally popular activities here, as the waters surrounding Nungwi are teeming with vibrant coral reefs and a kaleidoscope of marine life. Exploring the underwater world reveals a mesmerizing array of fish, sea turtles, and even the occasional dolphin. Diving schools and snorkeling tours are readily available for both beginners and experienced divers.

Traditional Dhow Cruises: Nungwi is famous for its traditional wooden sailing boats, known as dhows. Taking a sunset dhow cruise is a romantic and memorable way to experience the coastal beauty of Zanzibar. These cruises often include opportunities for swimming, snorkeling, and savoring a seafood barbecue prepared right on the dhow.

Cultural Exploration: Nungwi Beach offers more than just natural beauty. The village of Nungwi itself has a vibrant local culture with a rich history of fishing and boat building. Visitors can explore the village and interact with the friendly locals, gaining insight into their daily life and traditions.

Lively Nightlife: As the sun sets over Nungwi Beach, the area comes alive with a vibrant nightlife scene. Beachfront bars and restaurants offer live music, traditional dance performances, and a variety of delicious local and international cuisine. It’s a great way to end a day of relaxation with some entertainment and good company.

Accommodation Options: Nungwi Beach boasts a range of accommodation options to suit all budgets and preferences. From luxurious resorts offering spa treatments and fine dining to cozy beachfront bungalows, there’s something for everyone. Many accommodations provide stunning views of the Indian Ocean, allowing you to wake up to the sight and sound of the sea.

Nungwi Beach is more than just a beach; it’s a destination where nature, adventure, and culture converge to create an unforgettable tropical escape. Whether you seek relaxation, water sports, cultural experiences, or vibrant nightlife, Nungwi Beach on Zanzibar’s northern shore has it all.

Best time to visit
September through early November is the ideal time to see migrating whales. December until late March for other marine life, including Whale Sharks.


Zanzibar – Mnemba Atoll 

Mnemba Atoll: Zanzibar’s Pristine Marine Sanctuary

Mnemba Atoll, a small coral reef island located about 3 kilometers off the northeastern coast of Zanzibar, is a marine paradise that enchants visitors with its untouched beauty and vibrant underwater world. This private island and its surrounding waters are a protected marine reserve, making it a haven for divers, snorkelers, and nature enthusiasts.

A Marine Sanctuary: Mnemba Atoll is part of a marine conservation area, ensuring the preservation of its coral reefs and the incredible biodiversity that thrives within its waters. As a result, the atoll has become a sanctuary for marine life, including a rich variety of coral species, colorful fish, and other aquatic creatures.

Diving and Snorkeling Delight: For divers and snorkelers, Mnemba Atoll is nothing short of a paradise. Its coral gardens are among the most pristine in the world, teeming with a mesmerizing array of marine species. Diving here offers the chance to encounter schools of vibrant reef fish, graceful sea turtles, and the occasional dolphins and whale sharks.

Exquisite Coral Reefs: The coral reefs around Mnemba Atoll are a sight to behold. These underwater ecosystems are characterized by their health and diversity, making them an ideal destination for those interested in coral conservation and marine biology. The atoll’s thriving corals provide a habitat for countless species, creating an underwater wonderland.

Mnemba Island Lodge: The only development on Mnemba Atoll is the luxurious Mnemba Island Lodge. This exclusive eco-friendly lodge offers guests the opportunity to experience the atoll’s natural beauty while enjoying top-notch amenities. The lodge offers guided snorkeling, diving, and boat trips, allowing guests to explore the underwater treasures of the atoll.

Spectacular Birdlife: Mnemba Atoll is not just about its marine wonders; it’s also a sanctuary for birdlife. The island serves as a nesting site for several bird species, including the endangered green sea turtle. Birdwatchers can spot various seabirds and shorebirds, adding another layer of natural beauty to the atoll.

Conservation and Sustainability: Mnemba Atoll’s protected status is a testament to Zanzibar’s commitment to conservation and sustainable tourism. Visits to the atoll are carefully regulated to minimize the impact on its fragile ecosystem, ensuring that future generations can continue to enjoy its wonders.

A Pristine Paradise: Mnemba Atoll is a place where nature reigns supreme, offering an unparalleled opportunity to connect with the natural world. Whether you’re an avid diver, snorkeler, birdwatcher, or simply someone who appreciates the beauty of untouched marine environments, Mnemba Atoll invites you to explore its pristine shores and vibrant underwater realm, making it a must-visit destination for nature lovers and adventure seekers alike.

Best time to visit
Mnemba Atoll offers great diving year-round. However, due to the tide, visitors should come early in the morning to get the best experience.